Suhrkamp Frankfurt a. M. 2019. After the world depression struck France, Raymond married … Onun için küresel sivil toplum ile ütopya ve uluslararası yaşam ile yıkım eş anlamlıdır. The folly of men led to World War II, a conflict that became global but failed to bring the peace and liberty that west Europeans sought. Raymond Aron est né en 1905 à Paris. He was elected to almost all the major academies: Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques, American Philosophical Society, American Academy of Arts and Sciences (honorary foreign member), British Academy, and Deutsche Akademie für Sprache und Dichtung. The table provides a list of the major rulers of…. 20. yüzyılda yaşayan Raymond Aron önemli bir Fransız felsefeci, sosyolog, siyaset bilimci ve gazetecidir. His father, Gustave, was a professor of law who had married Suzanne Levy. M. Oppermann, Raymond Aron und Deutschland, Ostfildern 2008, S. 569. Raymond Aron died in 1983. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Aron, herhangi bir doktrinden bağımsız olarak Max Weber geleneğinde çalışmış ve “laik dinler” kavramını geliştirmiştir. La sociologie allemande contemporaine, Paris 1935. Reviews of Aron's work can be found in New York Times Book Review (June 17, 1979); TIME (July 9, 1979); Commentary (September 1979); Best Sellers (September 1979); and National Review (November 9, 1979). Today, Raymond is helping people achieve greater wealth, branding, recognition, confidence, respect and authority. Auch wenn Aron gemeinhin als politischer Liberaler gesehen wird, herrscht in der Aron-Forschung keine vollkommene Einigkeit darüber, in welche Tradition er am ehesten einzuordnen ist. Aron would also write definitive works in the field of international relations, such as his 1962 Paix et guerre entre les nations (Peace and War: A Theory of International Relations, 1966), and in sociology/political philosophy with his 1967 Les Étapes de la pensée sociologique (Main Currents in Sociological Thought). Jean-Louis Missika und Dominique Wolton (Hrsg. [Read More]. 1979 wurde ihm in Frankfurt am Main der Goethepreis verliehen. He married Suzanne Gauchon the same year, and they had their first child one year later. Raymond Claude Ferdinand Aron, né le 14 mars 1905 à Paris et mort le 17 octobre 1983 à Paris, est un philosophe, sociologue, politologue, historien et journaliste français. Their union produced two girls, Dominique (Mrs. Antoine Schnapper) and Laurence. What was most decisive about World War I was the "technical surprise," the vast use of deadly weapons. März 1905 in Paris; † 17. Nach dem Besuch des Lycée von Versailles und der classes préparatoires am Pariser Lycée Condorcet nahm er das Philosophiestudium an der Elitehochschule Ecole normale supérieure (ENS) in Paris auf, das er 1928 mit der agrégation de philosophie als Jahrgangsbester abschloss. Our latest podcast episode features popular TED speaker Mara Mintzer. Raymond Aron was born in Paris, France, on March 14, 1905, the year that brought the separation of church and state in that country. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Vgl. Raymond transforms lives by helping people tap into their own potential. Under the Fifth Republic, France’s current system, the head of state is the president, who is elected by direct universal suffrage. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. Raymond Aron was a French political scientist, sociologist, and journalist who made major contributions to the study of totalitarianism, liberalism, Communism, and international relations. Aron referred to himself as a "Keynesian with a certain nostalgia for economic liberalism." CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Raymond Aron wurde am 14. After parting from Les Temps modernes, he took up a position as a columnist at the center-right French newspaper Le Figaro. Après des études de philosophie à l’École normale supérieure et l’obtention de son agrégation, Raymond Aron part étudier en Allemagne dans les années 30. Aspekte einer intellektuellen Generationsanalyse, Hochschullehrer (École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales), Mitglied der Académie des sciences morales et politiques, Träger des Pour le Mérite (Friedensklasse), Mitglied der Deutschen Akademie für Sprache und Dichtung, Mitglied der American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Mitglied der American Philosophical Society, Aron, Raymond Claude Ferdinand; Avord, René (Pseudonym), französischer Politologe, Soziologe und Publizist. Raymond Aron died on November 17, 1983, while returning from testifying in a trial in favor of de Jouvenel, who had been wrongly accused of collaborating with the Nazis. Aron’ın görüşüne göre uluslararası ilişkiler özel ve aynı zamanda devletlerin yerel politikalarından ayrı olmalıdır.Raymond Aron, genel bir uluslararası ilişkiler teorisinin olmaması gerektiğine inanmıştır. Introduction à la Philosophie de l'Histoire. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Nicolas Baverez, Raymond Aron. Biographie de Raymond Aron. Aron, Raymond, Memoirs: fifty years of political reflection, New York: Holmes & Meier, 1990. Aron was unbelievably productive in the post-war period. Along with thousands of journalistic columns, Aron also produced hundreds of essays and many scholarly books, some of which were published posthumously. Une révolution antiproletarienne: idéologie et réalité du national-socialisme, Inventaires I, Paris 1936. Er wirkte während seiner akademischen Laufbahn vornehmlich am Collège de France sowie an der Elite-Hochschule École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS) in Paris. He was active in the military defense Aron had already graduated from the prestigious Ecole Normale Supérieure, the intellectual center of some of France's greatest thinkers, and in 1928, when only 23 years old, he won his agrégation in philosophy. Seit 1966 war er gewähltes Mitglied der American Philosophical Society. It is because he likes individual human beings, participates in living communities, and respects the truth, that he refuses to surrender his soul to an abstract ideal of humanity, a tyrannical party, and an absurd scholasticism. His public break with Sartre over the latter’s dogmatic Communism provided immense symbolic encouragement to French intellectuals (and others) hoping to break the left-leaning ideological conformism that defined much of European intellectual life after the war. Essai sur les limites de l'objectivité historique, Paris 1938. It was during this period that he began his lifelong engagement with the work of Max Weber. At the Ecole Normale, Aron met many figures who would play a prominent role in postwar French intellectual life, such as Jean-Paul Sartre, Paul Nizan, Daniel Lagache, and Georges Canguilhem. Aron, eleştirel düşüncesini totalitarizm, liberalizm ve uluslararası ilişkilere çevirmiştir. Raymond Claude Ferdinand Aron (* 14. His prizes include Prix des Ambassadeurs (1962) for his book Paix et guerre entre nations; Prix Montaigne (1968) for the body of his work; Prix des Critiques (1973) for his République impériale; and Prix Goethe. The son of a Jewish jurist, Aron obtained his doctorate in 1930 from the École Normale Supérieure with a thesis on the philosophy of history. Raymond Aron was born in Paris, France, on March 14, 1905, the year that brought the separation of church and state in that country. Nitekim her ikisi de ortak kurumlar, değerler ve normları küresel toplumun varlığı için kabul etmiştir. Raymond Aron, insanın tarihsel durumunu analiz etmek için yola koyulurken; sosyolojik çalışmalarında tarihsel olayları aktörler bağlamında anlamaya da çalışmaktadır. Industry discovered the means to provide the "mass production of destruction." März 1905 in Paris, rue Notre-Dame-des-Champs, als dritter Sohn einer Familie des mittleren Bürgertums jüdischer Herkunft geboren. 1938 wurde Aron an der Sorbonne mit den Abhandlungen Introduction à la philosophie de l'histoire: essai sur les limites de l'objectivité historique und Essai sur la théorie de l'histoire dans l'Allemagne contemporaine: La philosophie critique de l'histoire zum doctor d'État promoviert. März 1905 in Paris, rue Notre-Dame-des-Champs, als dritter Sohn einer Familie des mittleren Bürgertums jüdischer Herkunft geboren. Raymond Aron est né en 1905 à Paris. Just before World War II began in 1939 he joined the humanities faculty of the University of Toulouse as associate professor of social philosophy. Introduction. Aron's publications may be summarized by a book review by Stanley Hoffman published in the New York Times Book Review of June 17, 1979: The range of Raymond Aron's interests is immense. In La Tragédie algérienne (1957; “The Algerian Tragedy”) he voiced his support for Algerian independence, and in République impériale: Les États-Unis dans le monde, 1945–1972 (1973; The Imperial Republic: The United States and the World, 1945–1973), he attacked the unthinking hostility aimed at the United States by French leftists. He also founded a journal with Sartre called Les Temps modernes in 1945 and another journal titled Combat a year later with Albert Camus. His 40-odd books and innumerable articles fall into two broad categories. As a journalist, Aron had a reputation for intellectual independence and a willingness to break from party orthodoxy. After the liberation, Aron returned to Paris, where he would remain for the rest of his life. Oktober 1983 französischer Soziologe, Philosoph, Historiker, Politologe und Journalist Vater: Gustave Aron (1870-? Aron, düşüncelerini felsefe ve sosyoloji gibi iki alanda birleştirmiştir. Später kam es jedoch zum Bruch zwischen dem liberalen Aron und dem sozialistischen Bourdieu. Nach einem kurzen Zwischenspiel beim unter anderem von Albert Camus gegründeten Combat wurde er 1947 Leitartikler der damals liberalen Tageszeitung Le Figaro, für die er bis 1977 schrieb. Aron had for many years an intellectual mission: to defend the liberal order of the western world and to expose the left-wing myths that undermine the liberal tradition of freedom and private property. Biografie. He was elected as a chevalier, later officer of the Legion of Honor, and was awarded several honorary doctorates. Leçons sur l'histoire. Un moraliste au temps des idéologies, Paris 1993, S. 289f. Im Großen und Ganzen kann man zwei Schulen der Aron-Interpretation ausmachen: diejenige, die ihn in erster Linie als einen kantianischen oder neokantianischen Denker auffasst, der stets an der Idee des Fortschritts festhielt, und diejenige, die Aron vielmehr als einen der Klugheit und Mäßigung verpflichteten Denker in der Tradition des Aristoteles versteht. Biography. He was a professor of social philosophy at the University of Toulouse when World War II broke out in 1939, upon which he joined the French air force. Raymond Aron’ın politik düşünceleri tarihsel bağlamda Soğuk Savaş dönemiyle derinden ilgili olmuştur. Later, when the newspaper was taken over by right-wing financiers led by Robert Hersant, he resigned in 1977 to preserve the editorial liberty that he had devoted his adult life to defending. For over 20 years he was one of the leading French columnists and thrived in the liberty allowed him by the paper. His memoirs were published in 1983. Corrections? On his return to France he became a professor at the École Nationale d’Administration, and from 1955 to 1968 he was professor of sociology at the Sorbonne. against Germany in 1939-1940, and when France fell he joined Gen. Charles De Gaulle in London. Eine systematische Einführung, Stuttgart 1953). Raymond Aron (1905-1983) excelled as an academic scholar, teacher, and journalist. Essai sur une théorie de l'histoire dans l'Allemagne contemporaine; la philosophie critique de l'histoire, Paris 1938. Raymond Aron wurde am 14. Along with his friends, the political philosopher Bertrand de Jouvenel and the historian François Furet, he revived the serious study of Alexis de Tocqueville, who had fallen into neglect in France. Another highly influential publication, The Century of Total War (1954), presents a study of the inability of men to shape their destiny. Over the next 10 years he expanded into sociology and economics and received a State Doctorat in 1933. He is a philosopher, a sociologist, a political scientist, an economist; he is a scholar and a journalist. Stattdessen arbeitete er in den folgenden Jahren vorwiegend als Journalist. Aron, reel politik konusunda liberal geleneğe daha yatkındır. When World War II broke out in 1939, Aron was teaching at the University of Toulouse and joined the French air force. Sonuçta, Raymond Aron’ın uluslararası ilişkiler teorisine katkısı orijinaldir. Biography. His views tended to range him with conservatively oriented groups; however, he insisted that, as a Keynesian liberal, he was neither rightwing nor left on all issues. Among Aron’s most influential works were L’Opium des intellectuels (1955; The Opium of the Intellectuals), which criticized left-wing conformism and the totalitarian tendencies of Marxist regimes. Aron bir sosyolog olarak çeşitli sosyolojik akımları kategorize etmenin dışında, sosyolojik bir olay yaratımı çabasında bulunmamıştır. Aron also wrote an influential history of sociology entitled Les Étapes de la pensée sociologique (1967; Main Currents in Sociological Thought). Aron, eleştirel düşüncesini totalitarizm, liberalizm ve uluslararası ilişkilere çevirmiştir. After the fall of France he joined the Free French forces of General Charles de Gaulle in London and edited their newspaper, La France Libre (“Free France”), from 1940 to 1944. Aron upheld a rationalist humanism that was often contrasted with the Marxist existentialism of his great contemporary, Jean-Paul Sartre. However, Aron broke with Sartre in 1947 over the latter’s increasingly implacable and dogmatic Communism. 1970 wurde er korrespondierendes Mitglied der British Academy. Yayınlarının ana amacını Komünist Parti’ye üye olmayan ancak Marksist ideolojiye sempati besleyen tarafsız aydınları mitinglere çekmek oluşturmaktadır. All Rights Reserved. Raymond Aron was a French political scientist, sociologist, and journalist who made major contributions to the study of totalitarianism, liberalism, Communism, and international relations. He left Le Figaro in 1977, and from then until his death he wrote a political column for the weekly magazine L’Express. Throughout his life Aron was active as a journalist, and in 1947 he became a highly influential columnist for Le Figaro, a position he held for 30 years. He enjoyed an illustrious thirty-year career at Le Figaro, and in his columns he blended wide reflection about the nature of modern politics, war, and international relations with always-insightful analysis of the major political issues of the day. Philippe Raynaud, Raymond Aron et le jugement politique entre Aristote et Kant, in: Christian Bachelier/Elisabeth Dutartre (hrsg. He then moved to the Sorbonne, where he joined the Faculty of Letters (1955-1968), and finally, in 1970, to that pinnacle of France's educational system, the Coll'e de France, where he served as professor of sociology until his death in 1983. [2] 1960 wurde er in die American Academy of Arts and Sciences gewählt. "Since … bourgeois Europe entered into the century of total war, men have lost control of their history and have been dragged along by the contradictory promptings of technique and passions." Here he began his career as a journalist, serving as editor-in-chief of La France Libre and, after the liberation of France, as an editorial writer of Combat (1946-1947) and Le Figaro, a right of center newspaper within the old liberal tradition of France. … The second category consists of books and articles suggested by current events and debates, and especially by the political and intellectual tides in France… What is common to both is Raymond Aron's relentlessly analytical and critical mind and his passionate defense of political liberalism. Raymond Aaron, has committed his life to teaching people how to dramatically change their lives for the better. However, this title also exemplified the life and work of Aron himself, who self-consciously succeeded in bridging theory and practice. 1940 erhielt er eine Stelle als maître de conférence an der Universität von Toulouse, konnte sie aber wegen des Kriegsbeginns nicht mehr wahrnehmen. After France fell, he joined the Free French forces of General Charles de Gaulle in London, and became the director of their newspaper, La France libre (Free France), from 1940 to 1944. Aynı zamanda Max Weber’in Fransa’da tanınmasında önemli katkıları olmuştur. Aron taught and mentored many figures who would become leading lights in their own rights in post-war French liberalism including André Glucksmann and Pierre Manent. ): Mario Vargas Llosa: Der Ruf der Horde. Ancak Aron’ın düşünme tarzından dolayı tam olarak belli bir düşünce okuluyla sınıflandırmak mümkün değildir. Dort schloss er sich aber nicht, wie er es eigentlich geplant hatte, einer kämpfenden Einheit der von Charles de Gaulle geführten France libre an, sondern übernahm die Schriftleitung der gleichnamigen Zeitschrift der Bewegung. Raymond Aron was a French political scientist, sociologist, and journalist who made major contributions to the study of totalitarianism, liberalism, Communism, and international relations. Though his range was slightly narrower than Sartre’s and his international renown less general, Aron enjoyed a position of intellectual authority among French moderates and conservatives that almost rivaled Sartre’s on the left. Oktober 1983 ebenda) war ein französischer Philosoph und Soziologe. Omissions? After the world depression struck France, Raymond married Suzanne Gauchon on September 5, 1933. These myths include the belief that history is progressive and liberating (whereas the victory of Marxism in Russia led to totalitarian controls), and that the proletariat is the collective savior of humanity, while in fact most workers, rather than becoming bearers of Marxism, just want a middle class standard of living. Witnessing Hitler’s rise to power and even Nazi book burnings in Berlin, Aron presciently concluded that war was inevitable and left Germany in 1933. Born into a Jewish family in Paris on March 14, 1905, his high school studies at Lycée Hoche in Versailles and the Lycée Condorcet in Paris prepared him for his entrance into France’s eminent Ecole Normale Supérieure, the university charged with training many of the country’s academics. Im Jahr 1970 wurde Aron zudem auf einen Lehrstuhl am Collège de France berufen. "European democracy and freedom and civilization are the victims, even more than Germany, of a victory won in their name." Dort baute er das Centre de sociologie européenne auf und wurde dabei von Pierre Bourdieu als seinem Assistenten unterstützt. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. École des hautes études en sciences sociales, Raymond Aron und die Verteidigung der Freiheit. Some are profound, often erudite reflections on the meaning of history, on the nature and forms of modern industrial society, on international conflict through the ages, on the evolution of political and social thought. Raymond Aron was a French political scientist, sociologist, and journalist who made major contributions to the study of totalitarianism, liberalism, Communism, and international relations. Their union produced two girls, Dominique (Mrs. Antoine Schnapper) and Laurence. In 1935, the fruits of Aron’s stay in Germany resulted in his first publication, La Sociologie allemande contemporaine (Contemporary German Sociology), which mixed analysis of the rise of Nazism with analysis of the thought and political influence of Max Weber. (Die deutsche Soziologie der Gegenwart. He replaced Jean-Paul Sartre at a high school in Le Havre, France. He served as professor at the Ecole Nationale d'Administration and at the Institut d'Etudes Politiques (1945-1955). Bazı düşünürler bu tutumun Aron’ı modern dünyanın Batı ve Doğu arasındaki iki kutupluluğuna yönelteceğini iddia etmişlerdir. 20. yüzyılda yaşayan Raymond Aron önemli bir Fransız felsefeci, sosyolog, siyaset bilimci ve gazetecidir. Gleichwohl lehrte er in dieser Zeit an der École nationale d’administration und am Institut d’études politiques de Paris. [3] Aron lehrte bis 1968 an der Sorbonne und zog sich dann an die École pratique des hautes études beziehungsweise später an die École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS) zurück. Bunun yerine devletlerin sahip olduğu hedeflerin kapsamlı sosyolojik analizler yoluyla incelenmesi gerektiğini savunmuştur. Vgl. Alexis de Tocqueville (1805 – 1859), Karl Marx (1818 – 1883)  ve Max Weber (1864-1920) gibi isimler Aron’ı etkilemiş ve 1965 yılında yayınlanan “Demokrasi ve Totalitarizm” adlı kitabını oluşturmasına önemli etkileri olmuştur. [Read More], The Committed Observer (Le Spectateur Engagé) was the title of one of Raymond Aron’s popular works- a series of interviews with Jean-Louis Missika and Dominque Wolton published in 1981 spanning half a century of current affairs. A continuing theme in his writings was the subject of violence and war, as evidenced in such works as Paix et guerre entre les nations (1962; Peace and War) and his books on the Prussian military theorist Carl von Clausewitz. Having departed just as Hitler assumed power, Aron returned to his native land to become a philosophy professor at the Lycée of Le Havre (1933-1934), and from there he became the secretary of the Center for Social Documentation of the Ecole Normale/Supérieure (1934-1939). Après des études de philosophie à l’École normale supérieure et l’obtention de son agrégation, Raymond Aron part étudier en Allemagne dans les années 30. Colquhoun, Robert, Raymond Aron, London; Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications, 1986. Raymond Aron was a French political scientist, sociologist, and journalist who made major contributions to the study of totalitarianism, liberalism, Communism, and international relations. Aron gilt als einer der bedeutendsten politischen Denker des 20. Introduction. His opposition to Marxism was based on several beliefs. His father, Gustave, was a professor of law who had married Suzanne Levy. © 2020 The Foundation for Constitutional Government Inc. All rights reserved. Raymond Aron und Deutschland. After mandatory military service at Fort de Saint-Cyr, Aron moved to the German city of Cologne in 1930, where he took a lecturer position at the University of Cologne. In 1938, Aron defended his doctoral thesis, titled Introduction à la philosophie de l’histoire (Introduction to the Philosophy of History), which laid important groundwork for much of his future thought, including his criticism of positivism. 1) Web Adresi:http://www.egs.edu/library/raymond-aron/biography, 2) Web Adresi:http://ips.cap.anu.edu.au/sites/default/files/08-5.pdf, 3) Web Adresi:http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/realism-intl-relations/, 4) Aron, Raymond, Peace & War : a theory of international relations, 2003. Bunun yanı sıra Aron, tanınmış bir uluslararası ilişkiler teorisyenidir. The postwar period saw the publication of many of his seminal books such as Les Guerres en chaîne in 1951 (published in English as The Century of Total War, 1954), and his most famous work in 1955, L’Opium des intellectuels (The Opium of the Intellectuals), which sought to understand and undermine what he saw as the political myths of the left, and especially Marxism. He went on to take first place in the state-run agrégation examination in philosophy in 1928. You have entered an incorrect email address! In the fifties and early sixties, Aron supported the strong anti-Communist stance of General De Gaulle. Er war einer der ersten französischen Intellektuellen, der sich im Zeichen des Kalten Krieges für eine deutsch-französische Verständigung aussprach, insbesondere in politischen Kommentaren von Le Figaro. Raymond Aron, (born March 14, 1905, Paris, France—died Oct. 17, 1983, Paris), French sociologist, historian, and political commentator known for his skepticism of ideological orthodoxies.. Vgl. He is a descendant of the Philosophies of Enlightenment, and his intellectual godfathers are Montesquieu and Tocqueville. Ralf Dahrendorf hielt die Laudatio. Erst 1955 wurde er auf eine Professur für politische Soziologie an der Sorbonne gewählt, eine Wahl, die von einer Koalition aus Kommunisten, die in manchen Disziplinen, wie der Geographie, die Mehrheit stellten, und Soziologen, die in der Tradition Durkheims standen, beinahe noch verhindert worden wäre. Aron's long career as teacher and writer brought him many honors.